Nothing is better than be a couple of different types of birch trees in your yard. With their ghostly coloration and incredible, papery bark, birch trees naturally are the center of attention in a landscape. Despite the trees’ downsides, birch trees are popular due to their small stature, unique peeling bark, white trunks, and marvelous shapes.
To help make a decision, below are five various types of birch trees to plant in your garden:
River Birch Trees
In a landscape, a river birch tree makes a statement, possessing intensely scaly brown bark. A type like “heritage” with its grayish colored bark will balance a vast range of colors. River birch trees are fast-growing, but somewhat short-lived, possessing a lifespan of around 50 years.
Paper Birch Trees
With papery bark that peels off trunks, paper birch trees are usually referred to as white birch trees. The tree has a slender, single trunk and increases visual impact when planted in groups to accentuate its whiteness.
A short-lived tree, these trees might live just decades in a warm climate. In cold weather zones, paper birch trees have lifespans close to 100 years.
Silver Birch Trees
Silver birch trees draw attention to itself with spade-shaped leaves and peeling, white bark. These slender-trunked trees will create a delicate shade canopy overhead. Growing up to 40 feet, these trees are best planted in northern and eastern exposures with limited hours of sunlight.
Gray Birch Trees
Gray birch trees usually have several trunks, offering a shape that is similar to a really big shrub as a tree. Gray birch is a gorgeous tree that is typically used as a winter landscape plant or when space limitations necessitates the use of a tree with a smaller stature.
Himalayan Birch Trees
Himalayan birch trees are great trees for big parks, open spaces, and home sites, parks. A problem solver for low-lying sites too wet for several other species. A quick-growing tree, Himalayan birch can fill in an empty area in a landscape.
Erman’s Birch Trees
Erman’s birch trees has white bark with a pink cast and a tendency to peel. This is what showcases this ornamental species in a garden. If your local arborist plants one in your yard, be prepared for this elegant tree to spread out. An Erman’s birch tree flourishes to height of close to 80 feet.
If you need help identifying the trees in your yard, contact Harrisburg Tree Service to schedule an appointment with one of out experienced arborists.
Beech bark disease is a huge threat to the American Beech and is widespread in the northeastern part of the United States. It is created by two invasive species: a fungus and the beech scale insect. In 1890, beech scale was first brought to Nova Scotia.
Later, it spread throughout much of the U.S. causing beech bark disease to extend in much of these areas. The disease happens when the bark of a tree is first attacked by the beech scale insect and is then eventually destroyed by the fungus.
Beech Bark Disease Stages
Beech bark infestation can take up to six years to progress after beech scale attacks the forest. The disease progresses in three stages: the aftermath zone, the advancing front, and the killing front. In the advancing front, the tree gets infested by the beech scale insect. In this stage, the beech scale destroys the tree's bark.
The stage afterwards is known as the killing front, which happens when a fungus contaminates trees within the damaged bark created by the scale insect. This usually happens some time while after the insects enter the woods. Lastly, the aftermath zone happens when trees die. Big trees may stay in the forest if they are resistant to the beech scale and the fungus.
There are many obvious indicators that the beech disease is in the forest. White blotches covering a tree's trunk might denote the infestation of the beech scale insect. After beech scale gets established, beech bark disease is almost unavoidable.
Later indicators of an infection include brown and red spots on the bark of a tree. During the aftermath zone, trees might be broken by harsh winds. This is referred to as beech snap. Call an arborist with Harrisburg Tree Service if you believe your tree is infested. You may need to consider tree removal from your landscaping.
Impacts on the Ecosystem
The ecosystems of forests are highly impacted by this disease. Horde of animals and birds depend on the American Beech species for habitat and food. Chipmunks, turkeys, black bears, grey squirrels, and deer are just a couple of examples of animals that feed on beech nuts. In addition, numerous species of raptors and hawks nest in beech trees.
The black cherry tree is a species with lovely flower clusters, each separate flower attached by little stalks.
All real cherries are deciduous trees, shedding their leaves before wintertime. Rum cherry, wild black cherry, or mountain black cherry trees are woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. These cherry trees are native to eastern North America. The bark of young trees is smooth but gets scaly and fissured since the tree's trunk expands with age. Get in touch with a tree contractor from Harrisburg Tree Service if you believe your tree might be diseased.
The Cherry's Beautiful Fruit and Flowers
All parts of the flower, including the stalks, stems, flowers, and bracts, is very appealing. The fruits are berry-like, turning black purple when ripe. The actual seed in the berry is a black, ovoid, single stone. The name black cherry comes from the black color of the ripe fruits.
Dark Side of a Black Cherry
The twigs, bark, seeds, and leaves of a black cherry makes a chemical referred to as cyanogenic glycoside. Hydrogen cyanide is discharged when the alive parts of the plant are consumed, toxic to both animal and human. It has a horrible taste. That taste is one of the distinguishing factors of the tree.
The inner bark has highly concentrated amounts of the chemical but was used ethnobotanically in much of the Appalachian states as a sedative, cough remedy, and tonic. The glycoside seems to diminish spasms in the lining of the bronchioles muscles. Still, huge quantities of black cherry deliver the risk of producing cyanide poisoning.
Dormant Identification of Black Cherry
The tree has lenticels that are light, narrow, and corky. Lenticels in black cherry are one of several upright elevated pores in the stalk of a woody plant that lets gas exchange between the atmosphere and the internal tissues on the bark of a young tree.
The cherry bark snaps into slim dark pieces and lift the edges on older wood. This is said to look like "burnt cornflakes.” You can safely nibble the twig that has the taste of bitter almonds. The cherry bark is dark-colored gray but is scaly and smooth with a brown-red colored inner bark.
Wintertime brings out the simplest version of our trees. They’re exposed, bare, and have to survive in dry, harsh air in cold bitter temps. A great way to help your trees to stay warm is by wrapping your trees for winter protection.
Regardless what type of trees you have, you have to protect them from winter’s most harsh elements. Call a Harrisburg Tree Service Contractor if you need professional help.
What You Must Know About Wrapping Trees for Winter
Young trees, or trees of any age with thin bark, gain from winter protection.
Whenever the sun comes out on a cold winter day, it heats the tree’s bark. Also, the tissue under the bark warms up. However, as soon as the sun fades behind a cloud or building, the bark temperature swiftly drops, which might damage the tissue, leaving the bark dry and cracked. This is referred to as sunscald. If you wrap your trees, you aid in shielding them from it.
The Best Tree Wrap for Winter
The best tree wrap for winter depends on what type of tree you have. If a tree has thin bark and loses its leaves in the autumn, the best way to safeguard it is by wrapping the trunk in a plastic tree guard.
This works for thin-barked trees such as poplar, maple, aspen, sycamore or linden. Use this technique for any freshly planted tree that leaves are gone. You need to wrap the tree from the bottom up to the lowest limbs to help shield it from sunscald.
How to Wrap Evergreen Trees with Burlap
There are two ways to protect your evergreen tree with burlap. It keeps the cold air out and stop animals from eating it.
Loosely wrap burlap completely around the tree, from the lowest limbs to slightly over the highest peak. Pin the burlap temporarily, cut from the spool and remove the pins. To secure, use twine to tie the bottom, middle, and top of the tree.
Another option is to get a few wooden stakes (about 3 of them) that are a little taller than the tree. Put one stake in front, one on the side of the tree that receives the most wind, and the last one on either side of the tree. Your goal is to form a triangle. Put a couple of pieces of burlap around the stakes, securing them with staples. When you are finished, you should have what looks like a safety barrier surrounding your tree.
Protect Your Trees from Freeze
When protecting trees from frost, the temp can’t be under 32 degrees over a persistent period of time. You don’t want it cold enough to freeze the leaves, fruit, buds/blossoms, and twigs.
Trees Most Vulnerable to Damage:
Catalpa, Oleander, Eugenia, Jacaranda, and other tropical plants are most likely to be damaged. Tender, new growth is tender and easily harmed by freezing temps.
Protect Your Plants and Trees:
Cover vulnerable plants and trees with tarps, burlap, sheets, etc. that go to the ground to shut in the earth’s stored warmth. Use stakes or a frame to reduce contact between the foliage and the cover. Transport trees and potted plants to more protected areas. Contact Harrisburg Tree Service to help you if needed.
Thoroughly Water Plants:
Moist soil will soak up a greater amount of solar radiation when compared to dry soil and will re-emit warmth in the nighttime.
If you possess a big tree that requires protection, having your sprinklers on at the coldest time of the day can bring it a slim edge. The approach makes use of latent heat discharged when water transforms from solid to liquid.
When ice crystals develop on the leaf surface, they take moisture from the leaf tissue. The harm from this dehydration will be less damaging if the plant isn’t already suffering from drought.
Advanced Planning for Freeze:
Help Trees Recover:
Do not trim anything off right away. Wait to see what flourishes in the spring. The damage is usually not nearly as bad as it first appears. New growth might come out of the tissue you believed was dead.
If dieback is bad enough and your tree has lost “shade,” safeguard the now-unshaded parts of the trunk/branches from the sun with whitewash or a physical cover. Get rid of mushy fruit while still salvageable for juicing or snacking.
Although trees stay dormant during the winter, they aren’t immune to dry and cold conditions. Trees experience the stress of damaging winter weather. Though, they may not show it. It’s typically a lack of water that does the most harm. Therefore, watering trees in the winter is crucial.
Though it might be wintry and gray outside, your trees still need you. Dry, long periods without extra water kill your trees, destroying your root systems. Even though they might appear normal looking in the spring, trees that have been damaged over the winter will die back later in the summer.
Follow the tree care advice below to aid the trees on your property endure the winter and stay healthy all year long.
Watering During the Winter
Keep watering trees on a normal schedule during the fall until the earth starts to freeze. When the ground freezes, continue to watch weather conditions during the winter months.
When to Water
Water works like an insulator to the soil and the tree. Soil that stays wet will be warmer. Similar, tree cells that are full of water will be less vulnerable to harm from the cold.
Trees which are dormant don’t have to be watered often during the growing season. When there is little precipitation and no snow, water your trees one to two times a month until they start leafing out in the springtime. If the area is mostly windy, your trees might need more water. Once the ground melts in the spring, you can restart your normal watering schedule.
Water only when the temperature is over 40 degrees F and there isn’t any ice or snow on the ground close to your trees. Water early in the day, so the trees have time to soak it up before the temperature drops at night.
Be careful to put water all the way out to the outer part of the root spread of the tree. Most established trees have a root spread the same as their height. If possible, water deeply with a soaker hose and don’t spray on foliage if watering an evergreen tree.
Watering Young Trees
Newly planted or young trees are much more vulnerable to drought damage during the wintertime. Be sure they are well watered during the fall and summer until the ground freezes. Water every few weeks in the wintertime when there is no snow.
If you're concerned about the trees in your landscape and need help identifying them and their needs, contact us at Harrisburg Tree Service and we will provide the professional assistance you need!
The first step is looking for freshness. Going to a pick-and-cut tree farm or tree care services parking lot will guarantee you’re getting a fresh tree. But, buying from a big-box store or pop-up shop isn’t bad. If you aren’t sure how long the tree has been sitting around, you’ll need to cut off around a 1/2 inch of the stem before putting it in a stand.
This is due to the sap forming a protective layer around the cut on the trunk where it was sliced, stopping the ability of needles to receive critical water. A Fraser or Noble Fir is famous for retaining their needles and not shedding as much as pine or spruce trees. Fraser or Noble Firs make the perfect Christmas trees.
When keeping a Christmas tree healthy, a tree needs a stand with the right reservoir to stay hydrated throughout the season. You don’t want to jam the trunk of the tree into the wrong size tree stand or tear the base to make it fit. The stem has to stand completely erect and stay submerged in water. So, having the right tree stand is imperative.
The most critical step in keeping a Christmas tree healthy for weeks is putting the base and tree in a basin that holds no less than one gallon of water. Surprisingly, ordinary tap water is best.
Since you can’t damage a Christmas tree by overwatering it, it won’t hurt to check the water level in the reservoir every day while it is on display. If you’re traveling for the holiday, fill the reservoir until it’s full. Even if the tree drinks up all the water, it will rehydrate when you return home and give it more water.
Real vs. Fake
Some folks think that using a fake tree is better for the earth than having a live tree. You have to think about where the artificial tree came from, what was used to transport it, and the industrial material in the plastic used to make it. Though a fake tree can last a long time, eventually it will be in a landfill while a live tree usually gets turned into eco-friendly mulch.
The best time is the winter season to plant trees. Several excellent options are available at your local tree care store, with some of the top trees available in the wintertime. Your new tree will have the winter dormant season to develop new roots. When spring comes, your tree will be on its way to offering shade for years to come.
While it might seem evident that planting a tree is a great idea, here are some reasons that might not have come across your mind. A well-planted tree saves you money on your energy bills. In the summertime, trees shade your windows and roof. Trees also provide fresh air around your home as they breathe. During the wintertime, trees block cold winds.
By reducing your electric usage, you help reduce emissions that impact air pollution. Yes, trees clean the air by making oxygen, and they also keep Harrisburg cooler by lessening the “heat island” effect. This is brought on by concrete reflecting and storing heat, making the city hotter.
Pick a Place
Survey your outdoor space and determine the best location for your tree. Select the variety based on mature (growth) size instead of the space you have available. Most planting errors are made by putting a tree that will grow very large in the wrong spot like too close to the house or driveway, or near a power line.
Don’t plant the tree near gas, sewer, telephone, or cable TV lines. If you aren’t sure if you’ve picked the best spot, phone a company that specializes in tree service in Harrisburg, it will find and mark all underground utility lines in the area.
Be sure your spot is not one massive boulder with just a layer of soil over it. If you hit a big rock, move over a little and try again. When you are sure you have picked the right spot for your tree, only then should you buy the tree.
When you have the size of the hole you can dig, your initial plan for a big balled and burlap tree might change into a five-gallon capacity. The smaller size is more straightforward to plant, less pricey, and could grow more quickly than the bigger tree.
Regardless if it’s storm season or not, if you have trees in your yard, you will want to make decisions as to how to sustain them over time. In some instances, trees might need to be trimmed, while others may need to be removed entirely. There are many things to keep an eye on to make a sound decision as to when to consider removing a tree.
Times to have trees removed
• The tree is not alive or in awful condition. If you look at the tree and you can’t see anything green or live on the tree, or if the limbs are all brittle and dry, there’s a possibility it is dying or dead.
• Storm damage has made the tree damage irreversible. Storm damage can be taken care of by trimming the damaged area or branches. However, when the trunk of the tree is too damaged for repair, it is time for the tree to go.
• When a tree is leaning dangerously over a building or other areas people might be. People don’t usually consider leaning trees until parts fall from it. The truth is that leaning trees are hazardous and must be removed for safety reasons.
• If the tree is entwined in power lines. This can create a dangerous situation. Not only does the tree have to be removed, but you also need to call someone skilled in emergency tree removal to do it.
• When roots grow too close to the foundation of your home. Roots can crack the foundation and underground pipes. Also, they can get into the utilities and snap connections to them. You might not always be able to tell if a tree must be removed by just looking at it. If you need a tree inspected, call a skilled arborist to do the job.
Dangerous situations to remove a tree:
• Disease or infestation. If you see that your tree has been infested with diseases or insects that are going to kill it ultimately and there is no way of saving it, you have to get the tree removed for the safety of everyone and other trees.
• Rotting or decay. If you get a tree inspection and it is discovered that there is rot or deterioration in the tree, you might want to consider if the tree needs to be eliminated or not.
Tree cutting denotes climbing and pruning, usually with tools such as trimmers and chainsaws. You might have to use an aerial lift to get to the tall branches, risking yourself for falls or electrocution. The two main causes of death while tree pruning is falling from heights and electrocution. Therefore, lots of training is necessary before working near power lines or at heights. Keep reading to learn some tips on how to stay safe while cutting and pruning trees.
Cover your hands with gloves. For working on electric, wear long-sleeved, close-fitting clothing and a hard hat. Tree pruning exposes your eyes to wood particles, pine needles, and dust. Therefore, be sure to wear eye protection. When using a chainsaw or trimmer, you’ll want to use ear protection. Wear shoes with slip-resistant soles. Use gauntlets and chaps when using a chainsaw. You might want to include fall protection as well.
Each tree project requires a different technique and a unique set of tools and protection. If you use a ladder, connect it to a secure branch. If you need to climb high, you may want to use climbing rope, an aerial lift, or fall protection. Inspect harnesses, latches, and ropes before and after every job. Be very careful when cutting branches to avoid unintentionally cutting or destroying your tools.
Watch the news
If you’re expecting windy or wet weather, you probably want to call off a project that includes climbing. Also, you’ll need to call an arborist in Syracuse to do a tree inspection for dangers such as electrical lines and broken limbs before you begin work.
Protect your co-workers
Section off your work area around the tree to safeguard pedestrians and tree workers. If you are servicing a tree that spreads over or near a highway or road, wear high visibility clothing.
Safe distance from power lines
Don’t get close unless it’s necessary. Don’t turn off any power lines unless you are qualified, authorized, and trained to do so. If your job necessitates you getting close to power lines, contact the utility company to de-energize the lines for you.
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